1) Weight of Rod - When purchasing a fishing rod, consider the length, power and action you will need. Longer rods cast farther while shorter rods provide more power for fighting fish. Rods are also categorized by the pound-test line or lure weight that they are designed to work with.
2) Line and Leader – This depends on the species you are targeting and where you are fishing. As an example, 30# fluorocarbon leader material paired with 10# braided line is sufficient for most inshore saltwater species.
3) Type of Reel – An open faced spinning reel is the easiest and most effective for saltwater inshore fishing. Reels with higher gear ratios are better for working lures briskly back to the boat or for quickly gaining line when a fish runs towards the boat. Reels with lower gear ratios provide greater cranking power for bottom fishing and trolling. Mid range gear ratios range between roughly 4.0.1 to 6.0.1 and are suitable for many types of fishing.